Information & communication technology for development along the mid-Napo River, Peru

Archive for the ‘reference’

VoIP Handset Solutions

There is quite a lot of hardware out there for physical handsets.  This post assumes we’re going with a physical handset as our on-site device.  As alternatives to handsets, there are many free softphone applications (VoIP-app that runs on a computer) if there are PC workstations to piggyback off of for no additional cost.  I believe we still need to come up with a performance specification for exactly how many handsets we’d want at each site and why.  But here’s a summary of some initial digging:

There is a huge list available from located here.  I’m working my way through a thorough follow-up of every link (finding some dead ones too) to get a full list of budget phones.  In terms of capability, I want to highlight the following feature v. cost comparisons:

  • Hardline v. Wireless: Most handsets connect to the network via an RJ45 jack that we’d run to the local WiFi router.  However, wireless 802.11 protocol transceivers would mean not having to lay out a physical network under each tower or each local WiFi transceiver.  It’d be an effective “cell phone” for the local site, and likely we wouldn’t require local WiFi routers.  Costs are minimum $100 more per unit.
  • LAN pass-through: Some handsets have one RJ45, some two.  Cost difference is negligible on some models and significant on others.  The implication of supporting pass through is being able to support a PC workstation or another LAN device ‘behind’ the handset.  This could benefit physical network topology, but only if we’re expecting PC workstations or other devices on the local networks.
  • Supported Codec: Asterisk or FreeSwitch will support a multitude of codecs, I’m not going to focus too hard on which codecs handsets support until we come up with a performance/estimation matrix and better define our bandwidth and user requirements.
  • Supported Protocol: The most common protocol supported by handsets is SIP, which unfortunately is a pain to setup under a NAT network.  I’m not exactly sure of the Layer 3/4 configuration of the network and if we’ll have to work with NAT or not, but if we do we could make an early design decision to not go with SIP and rather use Asterisk’s IAX protocol.  A much smaller subset of handsets that support this fall in line with our budget considerations as those that support SIP.

Overall, it looks like the “budget” price spectrum for IP phone handsets is between $30-$70 per unit.  I’ll continue to work on preparing a list of specific models we should consider for our application.  Best;


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NapoNet documents






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Book: Portfolios of the Poor

PorfoliosOfthePoorCoverOne of my favorite economists linked this book on his page, and it looks relevant to the project. Here’s the summary from the book’s website:

Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day tackles the fundamental question of how the poor make ends meet. Over 250 families in Bangladesh, India, and South Africa participated in this unprecedented study of the financial practices of the world’s poor.

These households were interviewed every two weeks over the course of a year, reporting on their most minute financial transactions. This book shows that many poor people have surprisingly sophisticated financial lives, saving and borrowing with an eye to the future and creating complex “financial portfolios” of formal and informal tools.

Indispensable for those in development studies, economics, and microfinance, Portfolios of the Poor will appeal to anyone interested in knowing more about poverty and what can be done about it.

The site includes a few reviews of the book and examples of actual individual portfolios.

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