Chapter 4: p-n Junctions
An abrupt silicon p-n junction consists of a p-type region containing 2 x 1016 cm-3 acceptors and an n-type region containing also 1016 cm-3 acceptors in addition to 1017 cm-3 donors.
An abrupt silicon (nI = 1010 cm-3) p-n junction consists of a p-type region containing 1016 cm-3 acceptors and an n-type region containing 5 x 1016 cm-3 donors.
Consider an abrupt p-n diode with Na = 1018 cm-3 and Nd = 1016 cm-3. Calculate the junction capacitance at zero bias. The diode area equals 10-4 cm2. Repeat the problem while treating the diode as a one-sided diode and calculate the relative error.
An abrupt silicon p-n junction (Na = 1016 cm-3 and Nd = 4 x 1016 cm-3) is biased with Va = 0.6 V. Calculate the ideal diode current assuming that the n-type region is much smaller than the diffusion length with wn' = 1 mm and assuming a "long" p-type region. Use mn = 1000 cm2/V-s and mp = 300 cm2/V-s. The minority carrier lifetime is 10 ms and the diode area is 100 mm by 100 mm.
A 1 cm2 silicon solar cell has a saturation current of 10-12 A and is illuminated with sunlight yielding a short-circuit photocurrent of 25 mA. Calculate the solar cell efficiency and fill factor.