Quantum Engineering Laboratory

University of Colorado at Boulder

 

               

 

OPTICAL RECTENNAS

RECTENNA SOLAR CELLS, QUANTUM THEORY OF OPERATION, TRAVELING WAVE DEVICES, GEOMETRIC DIODES, METAL-INSULATOR TECHNOLOGY, EFFICIENCY LIMITS, AND MORE

Introduction to rectenna solar cells

   Overview and challenges: “Will Rectenna Solar Cells Be Practical?”, G. Moddel, Ch. 1 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   Comprehensive reviews: Rectenna Solar Cells, Garret Moddel and Sachit Grover, editors,  (Springer, New York, 2013). Springer  Amazon

Theory of operation and efficiency limits of optical rectennas

   “Radiating power converter and methods,” Garret Moddel, US Patent No. 9,581,142, issued 2017. PDF

   “Rectifying light,” blog, Garret Moddel and Saumil Joshi, JPhys+, July 21 (2016)  link

   “Optical rectenna operation: where Maxwell meets Einstein,” Saumil Joshi and Garret Moddel, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49, 265602 (8pp) (2016).  PDF

   “Simple Figure of Merit for Diodes in Optical Rectennas,” Saumil Joshi, and Garret Moddel, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 6, 668-672 (2016).  PDF

   “Spectrum splitting using optical rectennas,” Garret Moddel, and Saumil Joshi, US Patent No. 9,255,840, issued 2016.  link

   “Optical rectennas: Nanotubes circumvent trade-offs,” Garret Moddel, Nature Nanotechnology, 20, 1009-1010 (2015 ).  PDF  link

   “Rectennas at optical frequencies: How to analyze the response,” Saumil Joshi, and Garret Moddel, J. Appl. Phys., 118, 084503 1-6 (2015).  PDF

   Performance Limitations of Optical Rectennas, Saumil Joshi, PhD Thesis, University of Colorado, 2015.  PDF

   “Optical Frequency Rectification”, S. Grover, and G. Moddel, Ch. 2 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   “Efficiency Limits for Solar Spectrum Rectification”, S. Joshi, S. Grover, and G. Moddel, Ch. 3 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   “Efficiency limits of rectenna solar cells: Theory of broadband photon-assisted tunneling," S. Joshi and G. Moddel, Applied Physics Letters, 102, 083901 (2013). PDF

   “Quantum theory of operation for rectenna solar cells,” S. Grover, S. Joshi and G. Moddel, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 135106 (2013).  PDF

Traveling-wave optical rectennas

   “Traveling-Wave Metal-Insulator-Metal Diodes for Infrared Rectennas,” B. Pelz, A. Belkadi and G. Moddel, 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Portland, OR, June 5-10, 2016 (5 pages).  PDF

   “Traveling-Wave Metal/Insulator/Metal Diodes for Improved Infrared Bandwidth and Efficiency of Antenna-Coupled Rectifiers, ” S. Grover,  O. Dmitriyeva,  M. J. Estes,  and G. Moddel,   IEEE Trans. Nanotechnology, 99, 716-722 (2010).  PDF

   “Surface plasmon devices,” Michael J. Estes and Garret Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 7,177,515 (2007).  link

Geometric diodes

   "Graphene geometric diodes and antennas for terahertz applications," Zixu Zhu, Saumil Joshi, Bradley Pelz and Garret Moddel, Ch. 33, in Graphene Science Handbook: Electrical and Optical Properties, M. Aliofkhazraei, N. Ali, W. I. Milne, C. S. Ozkan, S. Mitura, and J. L. Gervasoni, editors, pp. 543–552 (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2016) DOI: 10.1201/b19642-37.  link

   Graphene Geometric Diodes for Optical Rectennas, Zixu Zhu, PhD Thesis, University of Colorado, 2014.  PDF

   “High Performance Room Temperature Rectenna IR Detectors Using Graphene Geometric Diodes,” Z. Zhu, S. Joshi, and G. Moddel, IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 20, 3801409 (2014), DOI 10.1109/JSTQE.2014.2318276.  PDF

   "Geometric diode, applications and method,"  Garret Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 8,803,340, issued 2014 (provisional submitted July 18, 2008).  link

   “Geometric Diodes for Optical Rectennas”, Z. Zhu, S. Joshi, S. Grover, and G. Moddel, Ch. 10 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   “Graphene Geometric Diodes for Terahertz Rectennas,” Z. Zhu, S. Joshi, S. Grover, and G Moddel,  J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 185101 (2013). PDF

   “Ultrahigh Speed Graphene Diode with Reversible Polarity,” G. Moddel, Z. Zhu, S. Grover, and S. Joshi, Solid State Commun., 152, 1842-1845 (2012). PDF

   “Infrared response of geometric diode rectenna solar cells,” S. Joshi, Z. Zhu,  S. Grover, and G. Moddel, IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Austin, TX,  June 3-8, 2012. abstract  PDF

   Brief introduction to rectenna solar cells and geometric diodes: “Solar power conversion using diodes coupled to antennas,” Garret Moddel,  Zixu Zhu and Sachit Grover, 6 September 2011,  SPIE Newsroom. PDF

   “Optical Rectenna Solar Cells Using Graphene Geometric Diodes,” Z. Zhu, S. Grover, K. Krueger, G. Moddel, IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Seattle, WA, June 19-24, 2011, pp. 002120- 002122. abstract  PDF

   “Nanoscale geometric diodes for improved rectenna solar cells,” Z. Zhu, S. Grover, K. Krueger and G. Moddel, 5th (OSA) International Conference on Nanophotonics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China 22-26 May, 2011

Metal-insulator-metal diodes for optical rectennas

   “Metal Single-Insulator and Multi-Insulator Diodes for Rectenna Solar Cells”, S. Grover, and G. Moddel, Ch. 5 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   "Engineering the current–voltage characteristics of metal–insulator–metal diodes using double-insulator tunnel barriers," S. Grover and G. Moddel,  Solid State Electron., 67, 94-99 (2012). PDF See below for free access to the metal-insulator diode current voltage simulator.

   "Applicability of Metal/Insulator/Metal (MIM) Diodes to Solar Rectennas," S. Grover and G. Moddel, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 1, 78-83 (2011).  PDF

Broad studies and reviews of optical rectennas

   “Quantum Rectennas for Photovoltaics,” Feng Yu, Garret Moddel and Richard Corkish, Ch. 16 in Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics, A. J. Nozik, G. Conibeer, and M. C Beard, editors, pp. 506-546, (Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014) DOI:10.1039/9781849739955-00506.  PDF

   “Will Rectenna Solar Cells Be Practical?”, G. Moddel, Ch. 1 in Rectenna Solar Cells, G. Moddel and S. Grover, editors, (Springer, New York, 2013). PDF

   “Overview of optical rectennas for solar energy harvesting,” invited paper, Zixu Zhu, Saumil Joshi, Bradley Pelz and Garret Moddel, Next Generation (Nano) Photonic and Cell Technologies for Solar Energy Conversion IV, edited by Oleg V. Sulima, Gavin Conibeer, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8824, 88240O-1 - 88240O-11, 2013. PDF

   Diodes for Optical Rectennas, Sachit Grover, PhD Thesis, University of Colorado, 2011.  PDF

   “Interconnected High Speed Electron Tunneling Devices,” Michael J. Estes and Garret Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 7,126,151 (2006).  link

   “Terahertz Interconnect System and Applications,” Michael J. Estes and Garret Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 6,967,347 (2005).  link

   "Macroelectronics: Perspectives on Technology and Applications, " R. Reuss, with G. Moddel, et al., Proc. IEEE 93 (7), 1239-1256 (2005).  PDF

   "Detectors at the Intersection of Photons and Electromagnetic Fields or, Where Einstein Meets Maxwell," invited paper, B. Eliasson and G. Moddel,  Spring Meeting of the Materials Research Society,  San Francisco,  March 28-April 1,  2005.  abstract

   "Terahertz device integrated antenna for use in resonant and non-resonant  modes and method," "Manoja D. Weiss, Blake J. Eliasson and Garret Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 6,835,949 (2004).  link

   “High speed electron tunneling device and applications,” G. Moddel, and B. J. Eliasson, U.S. Patent No. 6,756,649,  issued 2004.  link

   Rectenna solar cells: “Metal-oxide electron tunneling device for solar energy conversion,” B. J. Eliasson, and G. Moddel, U.S. Patent No. 6,534,784,  issued 2003.  link

   Rectenna solar cells: Metal-Insulator Diodes for Solar Energy Conversion, Blake J. Eliasson, PhD Thesis, University of Colorado,  2001. PDF

   A New Technology for Terahertz Electronics: Thin-Film Devices Based on Metal-Insulator Tunnel Junctions,” Phiar Corporation whitepaper, 2003  PDF

Metal-insulator diode simulator

   Free access to our state-of-the art MATLAB-based simulator for MIM and MIIM diodes developed by Sachit Grover.  download

Phiar Corporation

   Whatever happened to Phiar Corporation?

Popular press

   Scientific American

   IEEE Spectrum article  figures

AFM image of e-beam-lithography-formed MIIM diode

 

 

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